4 Causes Of Arthritis

What are the causes of arthritis?

  1. Age
  2. Malfunctioning Immune System
  3. High Uric Acid Level
  4. Bacterium, Virus, or Fungi
Arthritis is a condition wherein there is inflammation in the joints — which causes pain. Symptoms include swelling, redness, stiffness, and difficulty moving joints. There are over 100 types of this medical condition. But how does it progress and develop? If you want to know the causes of arthritis, keep on reading!


Doctor looking at xray of senior woman The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis, can be caused by normal wear and tear. As you age, the cartilage wears away, causing the rubbing of bones against each other. This causes pain, swelling, and redness.  The most common joints that can be affected by osteoarthritis are the hands, knees, hips, and spine. Your doctor may prescribe medication to manage your pain and also recommend a change in your daily lifestyle. This can include low impact exercises like yoga to manage stiffness and more rest to heal your muscles. Additionally, if you are overweight, you may also need to manage your weight to lessen the impact on joints.

Malfunctioning Immune System

Another common type of this condition is rheumatoid arthritis. Its symptoms are the same as osteoarthritis. However, the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis occur in flares and stops for a time. This condition is caused by an immune system that mistakenly attacks the membrane that covers the joints and causes inflammation. This then leads to damage to cartilage and the joints themselves. Psoriatic arthritis is another type of arthritis that is caused by a malfunctioning immune system. Symptoms include psoriasis, a skin disease, swelling of hands, lower back pain, and foot pain.  These autoimmune diseases can be caused by genetic, environmental factors, and unhealthy habits. 

High Uric Acid Level

Senior woman with gout People with high levels of uric acid can develop a condition called gout —  an inflammatory type of arthritis. Uric acid comes from food that is high in purine. If we eat too much of this, the body will have a hard time filtering it out. Which can then lead to a build-up that will affect the joints. It can cause pain to the foot, knees, elbows, wrists, and fingers. To prevent the development of gout, it is recommended to drink enough water, cut back on purine-rich food such as animal organs, beans, fishes such as anchovies, herring, and mackerel. Red meat, sweet foods, and also frequent alcohol intake can also affect your uric acid. 

Bacterium, Virus, Or Fungus

Infections from other parts of the body can also damage the joints. This occurs through the fluids that surround it. Unlike other types of arthritis, this usually only affects one joint. If diagnosed early, treatment can make improvements in the symptoms. This may occur in people that experienced food poisoning from salmonella, contracted sexually transmitted diseases, and use illegal drugs.

Key Takeaway

The causes of arthritis are wear and tear, physical injury, malfunctioning immune system, bacteria, virus, fungi, and high uric acid. If you want to treat and manage this condition, an early diagnosis is recommended. Traditional medical care will usually involve prescription medication to slow down the damage to the joints or lessen the pain you experience.  Chiropractic care will focus on a non-addictive, non-invasive, and holistic treatment which also involves a lifestyle change. If you’re interested in a consultation, you can contact us here or call us at 0927 580 5047, 0961 407 8028, or (02) 708 928 93.

Written By: Dr. Benedicto Luz Adorable III

Dr. Ben is the CEO and Founder of Philippine Chiropractic Healthcare Specialist. He has a Doctorate Degree of Chiropractic from Parker College of Chiropractic.

To read more about Dr. Ben, click here.

Close Menu